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Australians drive on the left-hand side of the road and use the metric system of distances and speeds.Australia is a large country with a highly urbanised population of ca. 24 million clustered along the coast. Consequently the road network varies greatly in type, surface and the provision of services en route. There are often very long distances between towns which have fuel, water and/or food.
Australian cars are right-hand drive vehicles, with automatic transmission popular, although manuals (stick shift) are widely available. The gear shift is positioned for operation by the left hand and is usually on the floor. Selecting a vehicle with automatic transmission could help minimise the period of adjustment for drivers more used to driving on the right. There should be no trouble getting an automatic transmission unless you opt for the cheapest, smallest model. Note also that the park brake is usually a hand-operated lever in the centre of the vehicle.
The extensive tram network in Melbourne requires some additonal care in understanding how to share the road and tram lines.
There are three important tram-related rules you must observe: